On Fri, 18 Mar 2005 10:46:31 +0100, Enrico C wrote on
Post by Enrico C
On Thu, 17 Mar 2005 23:48:53 GMT, Aissela wrote on it.salute.alimentazione
Di dieta mediterranea ce n'è solo una
Spesso questa espressione viene usata per fare riferimento alle situazioni
più diverse. Magari viene anche usata impropriamente, ma dire "dieta
mediterranea" e basta lascia il campo a molte interpretazioni, imho.
Ho trovato un post su sci.med.nutrition dove si riportano i criteri usati
dai ricercatori per definire l'aderenza di una certa alimentazione alla
cosiddetta "dieta mediterranea tradizionale" (o almeno considerata tale da
quei ricercatori :)
Il post completo è un po' lungo si può leggere in
ne riporto un brano significativo...
| Newsgroups: alt.support.diet.low-fat, alt.support.diet.low-carb, sci.med.nutrition, misc.health.alternative
| From: Matti Narkia
| Date: Thu, 23 Sep 2004 20:37:57 +0300
| Subject: Re: We should all eat like a Mediterranean
As I understand it, the name originates from _traditional_ Mediterranean
diets. During last decades the diets may have deteriorated also in the
Mediterranean area. _Traditional_ Mediterranean diets have common features
which distinguishes the Mediterranean diet pattern for example from
American, English, German, Northern European, or Japanese diet pattern.
features of Mediterranean diets have been analyzed and many studies have
used a scoring system for measuring the adherence to the best common
features of traditional Mediterranean diets. In these scoring systems
generally above median consumption of beneficial components and below
consumption of detrimental components increase the adherence score.
Generally, beneficial components are vegetables, legumes, fruits and nuts,
cereal, and fish, and detrimental components are meat, poultry, and dairy
products. Therefore, if a person uses for example a lot of meat and dairy
products, his/her adherence score will be lower.
The scoring system used in the subject study
Mediterranean Diet, Lifestyle Factors, and 10-Year Mortality in
Elderly European Men and Women.
The HALE Project.
Kim T. B. Knoops, MSc; Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot, PhD; Daan
Kromhout, PhD; Anne-Elisabeth Perrin, MD, MSc; Olga Moreiras-
Varela, PhD; Alessandro Menotti, MD, PhD; Wija A. van Staveren,
JAMA, September 22/29, 2004; 292:1433-1439.
is described there as follows:
"To assess the association of diet and the lifestyle factors
with mortality, a low-risk group was defined for diet and
lifestyle factors. For dietary intake, the low-risk group
was defined as those who had a score of at least 4 on a
modified version of the Mediterranean diet score proposed by
Trichopoulou et al.4
The modified Mediterranean diet score comprised 8
components: ratio of monounsaturated to saturated fat;
legumes, nuts, and seeds; grains; fruit; vegetables and
potatoes; meat and meat products; dairy products; and fish.
Intake of each component was adjusted to daily intakes of
2500 kcal (10.5 MJ) for men and 2000 kcal (8.5 MJ) for
women. The sex-specific median intake values were taken as
cutoff points. The diet score varied from 0 (low-quality
diet) to 8 (high-quality diet). For the components
monounsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids (MUFA
to SAFA) ratio; fruits and fruit products; vegetables and
potatoes; legumes, nuts, and seeds; fish; and grains, a
value of 1 was assigned to persons whose consumption was at
least as high as the sex-specific median value, and 0 to the
others. The vegetables group of the original Mediterranean
diet score was replaced by the vegetables and potatoes group
because the European classification system (EUROCODE) was
used when the 2 food groups were assessed together.16 For
meat and meat products and dairy products, a value of 1 was
assigned to persons whose consumption was less than the sex-
specific median and 0 to the others.